Pay raises and tax refunds mean Georgia’s era of big spending is not over.
Gov. Brian Kemp, in budgets released Friday, proposed increasing spending in the current budget year by $2.4 billion, largely to pay for two billion-dollar tax givebacks, and then to maintain spending in next year’s budget, funding $2,000 pay increases for all state and university employees and public school teachers.
Georgia saw state revenues spike to $36.6 billion in the year ending June 30, driven by a surging economy propped up by a bonanza of federal COVID-19 relief. Revenues had originally been projected to fall back to $30.2 billion this year. But through December, the halfway point of the 2023 budget year, tax receipts are running nearly $1 billion above that projection, according to numbers released Friday.
The state now projects it will collect $32.6 billion this year, a surplus of $2.4 billion. That will include fuel tax collections, which resumed Wednesday after being suspended since March. They’re likely to add another $170 million a month.
The projected surplus would add to $6.6 billion in spare cash that Georgia already has, even after filling its savings account to the legal limit. The revenue growth means Kemp won’t have to dip into that spare cash to fund another $1 billion round of state income tax rebates, which would give taxpayers between $250 and $500 back. The surplus also wouldn’t be needed to pay for a $1.1 billion property tax rebate for homeowners, which Kemp says would give the typical homeowner about $500.
“These actions will put real money back in the pockets of hardworking Georgians facing unforeseen jumps in property values and record-high inflation,” Kemp wrote in a letter introducing his budget.
The governor does propose using $1.1 billion of the $6.6 billion to refill roadbuilding funds making up for fuel taxes Georgia didn’t collect in the first six months of the budget year. But more than $5 billion could be left.
Lawmakers will spend the next months writing budgets, but a governor’s proposals are influential in Georgia. Kemp, by law, sets the maximum amount of money lawmakers can spend.
Kemp wants lawmakers to amend this year’s budget to include lots more one-time spending. He would give new $50,000 safety grants to every public school, totaling $115.7 million, after giving an earlier $90 million round of grants. He’d spend $25 million on one-time grants to offset learning loss and $15 million to encourage classroom aides to become teachers.
Kemp would spend $166.7 million on the Regional Economic Business Assistance program, reloading the account that Georgia uses to provide free roads, land, buildings and equipment to industry. He’d spend $130 million to build job-training centers promised to electric vehicle makers Rivian Automotive and Hyundai Motor Group.
The governor would spend $105 million on electronic medical records at Augusta University’s Medical College of Georgia, $51 million repairing prisons, $35 million demolishing vacant state buildings and $35 million on a statewide radio network for police and emergency workers.
Including federal money, total spending would rise to $61.6 billion in the current budget year.
All that money pays to educate 1.75 million K-12 students and 465,000 college students, house 48,000 state prisoners, pave 18,000 miles (29,000 kilometers) of highways, and care for more than 200,000 people who are mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or addicted to drugs or alcohol.
Kemp calls for spending of state dollars to dip to $32.5 billion in the 2024 budget year beginning July 1. Most spending that year will be continuing commitments for employee pay, health benefits and Medicaid, instead of one-time handouts.
Kemp projects the $2,000 employee pay raise will cost $567 million, adding to the $5,000 increases he delivered in his first term.
The state’s largest teachers group, the Professional Association of Georgia Educators, lauded the move, saying many teachers hold second jobs or leave the profession because of low pay.
“There is no doubt that a salary increase would assist with recruitment and retention of excellent educators for Georgia’s children,” PAGE Executive Director Craig Harper said in a statement.
Kemp would spend $52 million to start a much-disputed program providing Medicaid to some poor adults who meet work or education requirements. He’d spend $27 million more to beef up school counselors, finally fulfilling a promise that lawmakers made in 2013. and he’d spend $25.6 million to open a new prison.
There would be some big spending increases in 2024 just to maintain current services. Kemp is seeking $312 more million to pay for higher Medicaid costs, as the federal government reduces the share it pays for the health insurance program as the pandemic comes to an end. And state spending on teacher and employee health benefits would rise $423 million in the current budget and $1 billion in 2024 to cover increased health plan costs.